Conflict, refugees, authoritarianism, and economic stagnation engulf the Middle East. Can a new, more peaceful and more prosperous Arab order emerge after the collapse of the old?
As the geopolitical order shifts, Eurasia has increasingly become a site of tension in global politics. Nearly thirty years after the collapse of the Soviet Union, sweeping societal, economic, and generational changes are transforming the South Caucasus, Eastern Europe and Central Asia. Russia is trying to reassert dominance, as China’s economic and political clout rises, and the West’s attention shifts to other parts of the globe.
Carnegie’s Space Project seeks to facilitate international cooperation to assure the continued security, viability, and sustainability of commercial, civil, and defense activities in Earth orbits.
Twenty-five years after the dissolution of the Soviet Union, Carnegie’s Changing Geopolitics of Eurasia project will assess the trajectories of the countries of Eastern Europe, the South Caucasus, and Central Asia. It will examine their foreign policies, evolving geopolitical environments, and implications for U.S. interests. The Changing Geopolitics of Eurasia project is supported, in part, by the Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
Carnegie’s Civic Research Network is a global group of leading experts and activists dedicated to examining the changing patterns of civic activism around the world and analyzing the implications for future international civil society support.
The Program on Civil-Military Relations in Arab States (CMRAS) is an initiative to develop policy tools, build civilian and military expertise in defense affairs, and enable civil-military dialogue. It aims to foster civilian oversight of defense sectors in Arab states, and to support the modernization and professionalization of Arab armed forces. Key stakeholders include defense sectors, academic networks, civil society and research organizations, government officials, the media, and parliamentarians.
Carnegie’s Energy and Climate work seeks to explore the ways that climate change will impact global foreign policy.
To protect the financial system against cyber threats, this project by Carnegie’s Cyber Policy Initiative provides innovative research, actionable policy proposals, and regular updates on key developments for decisionmakers in government and industry as well as other stakeholders.
Carnegie’s Digital Democracy Network is a diverse group of leading thinkers and activists engaged in work on technology and politics. The network is dedicated to generating original analysis and enabling cross-regional knowledge-sharing to fill critical research and policy gaps.
The European Democracy Hub was launched in 2021 as a joint initiative of Carnegie Europe and the European Partnership for Democracy. To continue to follow the project’s outputs, please visit: https://europeandemocracyhub.epd.eu.
The Indian Ocean, home to a fifth of the water on earth’s surface, has long been a crossroads for merchants, mariners, and navies. The Indian Ocean is critical to the geopolitical and economic fortunes of its littoral states and outside powers. As they have for centuries, container, passenger, and naval vessels squeeze through its narrow straits and sail into its deep waters, plying busy trade routes that span the globe from Africa to the Middle East, Asia, and Australia.
Today, securing value and supply chains has become a priority for states small and large. As a space where the world’s great powers intersect, the Indian Ocean is one of the most valuable trade and geopolitical regions of the world with over 80% of the world’s oil passes through the Indian Ocean’s waters. It is not only a fulcrum of strategic competition between nations but also of an array of valuable economic and development opportunities. Yet there are few dedicated Indian Ocean programs anywhere in the world. The Carnegie Asia Program’s Indian Ocean Initiative serves as as a hub for research and scholarship related to the Indian Ocean and its island states and territories.
Inside Korea features critical analysis on domestic, security, foreign policy, and economic issues and developments in and around the Korean Peninsula.
Carnegie analysis from around the world on Russia’s domestic politics, societal trends, and economics.
Carnegie’s Cyber Policy Initiative aims to contribute to international cybersecurity norms. This includes our Cyber Norms Index and Timeline in partnership with the United Nations and additional related research and policy papers available on this website. We also engage with governments and commercial actors to shape and promote feasible norms.
With the U.S.-Russian relationship badly frayed, what are the biggest risks for escalation, deterioration and miscalculation? What, if any, opportunities exist for halting a continued downward slide? With an eye toward informing the conversation about key issues in U.S.-Russian relations, the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace has commissioned a series of analytical papers by leading U.S., Russian and European experts and practitioners to take a cold-eyed look at these challenges.
The goal of the “U.S.-Russia Policy Options for the Long Haul” project is to develop ideas that could help manage the U.S.-Russia standoff. The project is sponsored, in part, by the Carnegie Corporation of New York.
Carnegie’s Partnership for Countering Influence Operations (PCIO) seeks to advance more effective whole-of-society, evidence-based strategies to counter influence operations.
China is quietly exploiting Russia’s rift with the West to expand its inﬂuence in the geopolitical, security, technological, and ﬁnancial domains. Are Russia and its neighbors becoming a testing ground for a new Beijing-centered regional order? Is a Pax Sinica emerging?
A wide range of African countries face pivotal presidential elections in the coming years—each with significant implications for democratic consolidation and economic transformation within their borders and beyond. This new Carnegie initiative aims to provide insights into the evolving factors that will shape these elections, ranging from technological advances and changing youth demographics to rising economic pressures. Jointly led by Carnegie’s Africa Program and Democracy, Conflict and Governance Program, the project also will analyze how these elections’ outcomes may shape governance pathways on the continent.
After a decade of democratic deepening, South Asia is experiencing a period of democratic backsliding. Incumbent governments are wielding a variety of tools—from populism to digital repression and violence—to further entrench their power. But democracy is as much about opposition as it is about government. A new Carnegie project on the politics of opposition in South Asia shines a spotlight on actors challenging the status quo from the outside—from political parties and civil society to social movements and armed actors. Unpacking opposition dynamics helps explain the consolidation of autocratic governance in the region, gauge the possibilities of democratic renewal, and understand the dynamics of armed conflict.
The Carnegie Rising Democracies Network is a research network of leading experts on democracy and foreign policy, dedicated to examining the growing role of non-Western democracies in international democracy support and conflict issues. The Rising Democracies Network is carried out in partnership with the Robert Bosch Stiftung, and with additional support from the Ford Foundation and the UK Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office.
Climate change is forcing a rethink of the strategic frameworks and assumptions that underlie security policies, as sea levels and temperatures rise. The responses to climate change are also changing the landscape for foreign and security policymakers, with various resources, institutions, and technologies rising or falling in importance. This project analyzes what security means in a 21st century defined by climate change.
The Kremlin’s activist foreign policy is expanding Russian global influence at a time when the United States and other Western countries are increasingly divided or consumed by domestic problems. The Return of Global Russia project will examine the Kremlin’s ambitions to become a player in far-flung parts of the world where its influence has long been written off, the tools it is relying upon to challenge the liberal international order, and practical Western policy options for how and when to respond to this new challenge.
Carnegie’s Tunisia Monitor project tracks the status of the country’s transition in the economic, political, and security spheres. This project provides original analysis and policy recommendations from a network of Tunisian contributors and Carnegie experts to inform decisionmakers in Tunisia, Europe, and the United States. This endeavor is supported by a grant from the Open Society Foundations.
This research initiative explores the views and attitudes of India’s diaspora, one of the largest immigrant communities in the world, on domestic politics, political developments in India, foreign policy, and their lived social realities.
Carnegie’s Japan Initiative was established by the Asia Program in 2012. Led by Senior Fellow James L. Schoff, and in collaboration with experts across Carnegie’s global network, the initiative informs current policy debates by looking broadly at security, economic, and political developments in Japan, the U.S.-Japan alliance, and the alliance’s role in a dynamic Asia
The Carnegie Endowment for International Peace has launched a multiyear research effort dedicated to exploring how U.S. foreign policy needs to change to better advance the economic well-being of America’s middle class.
In recent years, multiple international indices have downgraded U.S. democracy. Polarization, accusations of voting irregularities, political violence, and other negative trends are having a corrosive influence on the state of U.S. democracy and leaders’ ability to govern, address domestic problems, and craft stable policies. This project brings together the work of scholars across the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace who analyze the problems afflicting U.S. democracy based on comparative perspectives and offer insights that can strengthen U.S. governing institutions and society.